Rosa gallica officinalis (Apothecary's Rose)
This is my favorite rose and always has been. Not only is it highly fragrant and beautiful, it is an old, old rose; in fact, it is one of the oldest known roses and is sometimes referred to as the "Adam and Eve" of roses. Not only was it one of two roses most often used in Renaissance paintings, but it was used by druggists (apothecary) for treating all manner of ailments. The Apothecary's Rose grows to five feet high with a spread at least that by suckering. I cannot ever have too much of this rose and have it planted in various places because you just never know. Full sun in Zones 4-9.