Viola odorata "Duchesse de Parme"
Viola odorata "Duchesse de Parme," first cultivated in Parma, Italy in the 16th Century, is said to be named for Napoleon's second wife, a great admirer of scented violets. Parma violets are the most fragrant of the scented violets, and this one is no exception, and its double blooms are a beautiful lavender with a white centers. Viola odorata "Duchesse de Parme" is one of the easiest scented violets to grow, and with its six-inch stems, the blooms are ideal for making bouquets. Parma violets are not as cold hardy as some other varieties of Viola odorata - to 20 degrees F. without cover - and bloom from winter to spring and again in fall. Although sun is often recommended for violets, I can tell you from experience that dappled shade is best in summer, but they do appreciate a little extra sun in winter. It's a perfect candidate for a container if you live in colder zones. Rich, well-drained soil in Zones 7a-9. Quarts.