Rosa eglanteria (Sweet Briar Rose)
Rosa eglanteria, or Sweet Briar Rose, has been known since at least 1551 and is mentioned in literature from Chaucer to Shakespeare, which seems enough to make this European native rose garden worthy, but there's more: both the soft pink, five-petaled blooms, as well as the dark, rough leaves are apple scented, and the blooms are followed by large, colorful hips. Sweet Briar Rose grows in sun or partial shade from five to 15 feet. Zones 5-9, Quarts.
Rosa gallica officinalis (Apothecary's Rose)
This is my favorite rose and always has been. Not only is it highly fragrant and beautiful, it is an old, old rose; in fact, it is one of the oldest known roses and is sometimes referred to as the "Adam and Eve" of roses. Not only was it one of two roses most often used in Renaissance paintings, but it was used by druggists (apothecary) for treating all manner of ailments. The Apothecary's Rose grows to five feet high with a spread at least that by suckering. I cannot ever have too much of this rose and have it planted in various places because you just never know. Full sun in Zones 4-9.
Rosa palustris (Swamp Rose)
A native rose to the swamps, banks, and marshes of the eastern United States, Rosa palustris, better known as Swamp Rose, is a perennial shrub that grows from three to eight feet tall (at maturity). Its fragrant pink, solitary blooms last for six to eight weeks in June and July and are followed by colorful rose hips to add interest to the fall garden, as well. I have admired Swamp Rose for many years from afar, and now I am pleased to add it to my plant list and garden. Seed grown. Full sun in Zones 4-9. (Photo courtesy of Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln.)